Tanguar haor is additionally called Tangua haor, situated in the dharmapasha and Tahirpur Upazilas of Sunamganj area in Bangladesh is an interesting wetland biological system of national significance and has come into universal core interest. The area of Tanguar haor including 46 villages within the hair is about 100 square kilometers (39sq. mi) of which 2,802.36 ha os wetland It is the wellspring of vocation for in excess of 40,000 individuals. The administration of Bangladesh pronounced Tanguar haor as an Environmentally Critical Area in 1999 thinking about its basic condition because of overexploitation of its common assets. In 2000, the haor basin declared a Ramsar site-wetland of international importance. With this declaration. The government is committed to preserving its natural resources and has taken several steps for the protection of this wetland.
Tanguar haor assumes a significant job in a fish generation as it works as a ‘mother fishery’ for the nation.
Each winter the haor is home to around 200 kinds of transient fowls. The haor is a significant wellspring of fish. In 1999-2000, the administration earned 7,073,184 takas as income just from fisheries of the haor. There are more than 140 species of freshwater fish in the haor. The more predominant among them are avir, gaming magur, tara, gtum, gulsha, tengra, titan, garia, beti, kakia etc. Gulli balua, ban tulsi, nal khagra and other fresh water wetland trees are in the haor.
History Sunamganj Tanguar Haor:
Tanguar Haor a huge Haor exists in Sunamganj local stretching out more than 10 mauzas of Dharmapasha and Tahirpur Upazilas of the region. The mauzas covering the Tanguar Haor are (1) Jagadishpur, (2) Bhabanipur, (3) Lamagaon, (4) Ramsinhapur, (5) Mahajampur, (6) Maindag, (7) Mayajuri (8) Bhangachara Purba, (9) Naogaon, and (10) Tanguar Haor. The haor comprises of 120 BEELS of different sizes. The area of Tanguar Haor including 46 villages within the haor is about 100 sq. km of which 2802.36 ha is a wetland.
A haor is an ideal place for the migratory birds. Every winter about 200 types of migratory birds come to this haor and make their temporary habitat here. Once upon a time, the Zamindars of the Sunamganj area used to make cruise into this haor with large Pansi boats for hunting birds.
The haor is an important source of fisheries. More than 140 species of freshwater fishes are available here. Among them, the notables are Air, Gang Magur, Baim, tara Baim, Gutum, Gulsha, tengra, Titna, garia, Beti, Kakia, etc. In the 19999-2000 fiscal year, the government earned taka 70, 73,184 as revenue only from fisheries of the haor.
The majority of the occupants of the Tanguar haor are landless or negligible ranchers. As the haor allows a single crop throughout a year, the sensational unemployment problem is very acute here. But the farmers harvest the highest yield because of the richness of the soil through the lands that are single cropped.
The haor is cyclone prone as it located at the foothills of the Khasi-Jaintia Hills and a number of hailstorms also occur. Therefore at time crops get damaged. Except for the levee or the Kanda areas of the haor the other lands of the haors are used as pastureland.
In the past few decades, the total environmental settings of the Tanguar haor have degraded a lot. In light of its ecological significance and legacy, the administration has chosen to spare the huge haor by symbolizing it as a globally basic condition zone and recorded the haor as a ‘Ramsar zone’ under Ramsar Convention. In accordance with this, the government has taken a massive plan to restore the natural environment and heritage of the Tanguar Haor by conserving its water improving agriculture and fish production and making the haor secured zone for birds and animals. The natural beauty of the Tanguar Haor attracts the tourists and the haor can be turned as an important tourist place.
This is a place of natural beauty. So there’s no ticket price at all.
This place is open for 24 hours.
Address, Location Sunamganj Tanguar Haor:
Tanguar Haor, Sunamganj District, Sylhet Division, Bangladesh.
When you want to go to Tanguar Haor, you must go to Sunamganj first. Every day, Mamun nad shyamoli buses left Sayed Abad (Dhaka) bus stand for Sunamganj directly. You will find the Ena Paribahan bus from Mohakhali also. It will cost you nearly BDT 550 in the Non-AC bus for Sunamganj. It takes 6 hours to reach Sunamganj.
Subsequent to coming to Sunamganj, you will discover Laguna, CNG or Bike for going to Tahirpur. From Tahirpur Bazar Ghat, you will find an affordable boat for visiting Tanguar Haor. According to your financial conditions, you will get different types and sizes of boat here. If you go to Sunamganj in the winter season you have to go Sulemanpur Bazar first using the Laguna, CNG or Bike. You have to take a boat from here to move the haor. Important to realize, you will get various types of birds in the winter season and it is very amazing.
Where to Stay:
There are a number of hotels in Sunamganj town. You can find hotels according to your budget over here. Few names are given below.
- Hotel Nader Riaz
Address: Thana road, Derai.
Contact Number: +880 1712-715916
- Zila Parshad Dak Bunglow
Manager Upazila Executive Officer
Address: Sadar Upazila, Derai
Contact Number: +880 1911-534466
Most Attractive Things Sunamganj Tanguar Haor:
Tanguar Haor is the second largest sweetwater swamp forest area in the Sunamganj district, the area is about 100 sq. km. After Sundarbans, it is the most beautiful largest sweetwater swamp in the northeast region of Bangladesh is located in Dharmapasha of Sunamganj district and Tahirpur Upazila. This haor is decorated with outstretched water, Water forests, blue sky, hills and green environment. In the foothills of jaintya hills, Khasia of Meghalaya in India, Tanguar haor is full of a huge habitat including fish, birds and other aquatic animals. The all out region of Tanguar Haor is 6912 sections of land. Be that as it may, during the rainstorm, this haor region, this haor territory goes up to 20,000 sections of land for expanding the water. Tanguar haor is very rich with natural resources. It has developed great biodiversity consisting of 140 spacies of fish, 12 species of frogs, 1 species of amphibians, 6 species of turtles, 7 species of lizards, 21 species of snakes and more than 150 species of reptiles. The all out region of Tanguar Haor is 6912 sections of land. Be that as it may, during the rainstorm, this haor region, this haor territory goes up to 20,000 sections of land for expanding the water. It is estimated that 20/25 lakh birds were in the Tanguar Haor in the last winter season.
From Tanguar haor, the hills of Meghalaya of India are seen plainly. About 30 small fountains or tributaries from Meghalaya come to Tanguar Haor. There is a watchtower on the side of the haor. The water in the surrounding area is very transparent as if anyone see the floor of the haor from the above. The main two bird sanctuaries of the Tanguar Haor are the Leochamara and Berberia Beel.
The construction of this haor is with 120 Beels and 180 low level/ Kanda mills familiarly known to the local people as “Noikuri Kandar Soikuri Beal”. There are almost little/enormous 46 floating town/island in the Tanguar haor. The government of Bangladesh declared Tanguar haor as Ecologically Critical Area (ECA) in 1999.