Baitul Mukarram, also spelled as Baytul Mukarrom (Arabic Name) is the national mosque of Bangladesh. Located at the center of Dhaka, capital of Bangladesh, the mosque was completed in 1968. It has a capacity of 40,000.
The national mosque of Bangladesh, Baitul Mukarram is situated in the heart of the busy city of Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh. Dhaka is the largest city in Bangladesh with a population of 11 million. It is one of the most populous cities in the world.
Followers of the Islamic faith consider a mosque to be the primary place of worship where Muslims gather together for prayer. Mosques reflect traditional Islamic architecture and are recognized worldwide for their importance to the Muslim Community. In addition to the importance, mosques have with regard to worship and prayer, they also serve as places to learn about Islam and to meet fellow believers. With this in mind. It is clear that Baitul Mukarram, being the national mosque of Bangladesh, is of significant importance to Muslims in the area.
History Of Baitul Mukarram :
The mosque complex was designed by architect Abdulhusein M. Thariani in 1959, owner of then Bawani Jute Mills, Haji Abdul Latif Bawani proposed to Major General Omrao Khan, then the military administrator of East Pakistan, of building a grand mosque in Dhaka. Omar Khan agreed to help with building such a mosque. Same tear, ‘Baitul Mukarram mosque committee’ had been established and 8.30 acre of land between new Dhaka and old Dhaka had been chosen. At that time, there was a large pond in the present mosque location. It was known as ‘Paltan Pond’. The pond was filled up and on 27 January 1960, the president of Pakistan Ayub Khan commences the work. Pray for the first time took place on Friday, 25 January 1963.
The plan included shops offices Libraries and parking areas within the complex. Though there has been a tradition of dome mosque for Muslims, this building did not maintain the rule of a traditional mosque at that time. A mosque without a dome over the roof of its main prayer hall must have been a unique experiment. The mosque was built when the country was part of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
In 2008 the mosque was extended, financed by a donation from the Saudi government.
Opening Hour Baitul Mukarram Market:
Baitul Mukarram market Starts at 9:00 am and closes at 9:00 pm.
Off Day of Baitul Mukarram Market:
Friday is the holiday of the Baitul Mukarram market. The market is closed during this day.
Address Baitul Mukarram:
Topkhana Road, Dhaka-1000.
Location and How to Go:
The most popular transport system in Dhaka city is Rickshaw. You can find available buses (local or direct service) incoming inside or move outside Dhaka city. There is another transport system like Train, Rivers, and Airs.
Most Attractive Things:
The mosque complex includes shops, libraries, offices, and parking areas. The main prayer hall has an area of 26,517 square feet with an additional mezzanine floor on the eastern side which measures 1,840 square feet. The mosque complex of Baitul Mukarram was designed by architect T Abdul Hossain Thailand. Non-Muslims can normally enter outside of prayer time. The baitul Mukarram mosque is modern in its architectural style. But it has not discarded traditional principles of mosque architecture. It has found its place in the hearts of the Muslims because of the resemblance of its form to the famous Kaba at Mecca.
Excessive ornamentation is avoided throughout the mosque, since minimizing ornamentation is typical of modern architecture. The Bitul Mukarram mosque is modern in its architectural style. But It has not discarded the traditional principles of mosque architecture. It has found its place in the heart of the Muslims because of the resemblance of its form to the famous Kaba at Mecca.